Plenary Short Report Form Day 3

Georg Neumann, 12th IACC, Plenary report, Governance, Development, Sustainability, Energy Market, Financial Sector, Human Security, Climate Change, Natural Resources

Main Issues Covered

 

- Oscar Arias states that corruption increases the transaction cost for the poorest and that corruption affects the state in undermining democracy. To fight against corruption, valueing something else than teh material is needed. As the dilemma lies in the moral values, civic education in schools and colleges is needed.

- Peter Ackerman highlights how people power can break the cycle of corruption with strategic non-violent resistance and active campaigns.

- Morten Kjearun shows the role corruption plays within human rights, civic and political as well as social economic and cultural rights, and how the work of human rights institutions can be tied in with the one of anti-corruption institutions.

- Zhenjun Wu presents a case study on how China has fought corruption and therefore been able to ensure economic growth.

- Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala presents a case study on how on the political will of the Nigerian government under Obasanju (2003-2006) corruption could effectively fought and presents 4 key results and lessons learnt: comprehensive reform package, identify the biggest critical areas, tackle the oil and gas sector and institute mechanisms of tracking those who are corrupt.

- Daniel Kaufmann presents four key issues for fighting corruption: firstly, how to fight corruption starting at home, secondly, the importance of the collective responsibility, thirdly, how to overcome the paralisys created through the increasingly sophisiticated understanding of corruption, and lastly, how to do proactive and practical anti-corruption work.

 

Main Outcomes

 

1) To fight against corruption it is not enough to relie on economic growth, but ethics must be tought at schools and colleges. (Oscar Arias)

2) Strategies to mobilise people power in strategic non-violent resistance has proven to be succesful. (Peter Ackerman)

3) A closer collaboration of human rights institutions and anti-corruption institutions would not solve, but add new dimensions to the work. (Morten Kjearun)

4) Corruption is one of the major components to violations of human rights. A rights based approach to development offers a good possibility to open from an exclusive focus on civic and political rights to social, economic and cultural rights. This people to identify who has the duty to ensure their rights. (Morten Kjearun)

5) The most important lesson of the China case study is that to achieve economic growth, corruption must be fought. (Zhenjun Wu)

6) Corruption should be fought as a comprehensive package of reforms. (Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala)

7) To fight corruption four key issues are important: firstly, corruption fighting starts in the own organisation or country, secondly, fighting corruption is collective responsibility of government, parliament and private sector, thirdly, corruption is now much more complex and each particular context needs its own solution, and lastly, to do proactive and practical anti-corruption work you need to prioritize and focus anti-corruption work to the three crucial elements: a) leadership and champions for reform, b) serious and effective transparenct reforms, and c) an effective approach to impunity. (Daniel Kaufmann)

 

Recommendations, Follow-up Actions

 

  • Increase interaction and dialogue between anti-corruption institutions and human rights institutions to identifiy ways and create knowledge about the role of human rights institutions in the fight against corrutpion.

  • Discussions on national and regional human rights monitoring should be initiated on how these monitoring mechanisms can address the issue of corruption to a much larger extend.

  • Regarding EITI: Extending this “publish what you pay”-initiative also to a “publish what you don’t pay”-initiative.

  • Turn attention to those who receive money, eg Finance Ministers.

  • Prioritize and focus anti-corruption work to the three crucial elements: a) leadership and champions for reform, b) serious and effective transparenct reforms, and c) an effective approach to impunity.

  • To give anti-corruption efforts, undertaken by strong political leaders, continuity and prevent the return of embedded networks, strong institutions need to be built.

  • China will send a delegation to Paris in 2007 to attend the OECD convention conference as an observer.

 

Workshop Highlights (including interesting quotes)

 

Oscar Arias: “A society without norms is a society where the strongest and richest prevail.”

Morten Kjearun: “Corruption is one of the major components to violations of human rights.”

Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala: “We need to turn our attention to those who receive the money. I wnat to see a conference where Finance Minister discuss.”

Daniel Kaufmann: “The issue is not about having zero corruption. The question is how do country’s institutions react on corruption cases. Corruption cases can be seen as an opportunity.”

Oscar Arias (quoting Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz): “Quién será más de culpar aunque cualquiera mal haga: La que peca por la paga, o el que paga por pecar?”

Who is more to blame, though either should do wrong? She who sins for payor he who pays to sin?

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